Prices in GBP apply to orders placed in Great Britain only.Prices in € represent the retail prices valid in Germany (unless otherwise indicated). Prices do not include postage and handling if applicable. While it is commonly assumed that languages epenthesize context-free default vowels, this book shows that in loanword adaptation, several strategies are found which interact intricately.
Also, rate of epenthesis increased with accuracy of detecting sibilants and coronal segments, sounds characterized by salient consonant noise.
Taken together, these results indicate a perceptual mechanism that evaluates segmental content and prosodic structure from an integrated percept.
Previous models include those in which epenthesis is seen as a strategy to mitigate the effects of coda licensing restrictions in the L1; others see epenthesis as a result of misperception of consonant releases in the L2 as indicating the presence of an additional syllable nucleus.
The current study examines segmental identification and syllable counting in inexperienced Korean learners of English as a foreign language. Increased perceptual epenthesis correlated with increased identification of a segment as voiceless, indicating a joint perception of voicelessness and an epenthetic vowel.
While epenthesis most often occurs between two vowels or two consonants, it can also occur between a vowel and a consonant, or at the ends of words.
For example, the Japanese prefix ma- a-t-il ('has he? Here there is no epenthesis from a historical perspective, since the a-t is derived from Latin habet (he has), and the t is therefore the original third person verb inflection.In all languages analyzed, default epenthesis exists alongside vowel harmony and spreading from adjacent consonants.While different languages prefer different strategies, these strategies are subject to the same set of constraints, however.The analysis of additional languages allows for solid typological generalizations.In addition, a diachronic study of epenthesis in Sranan provides insight into how insertion patterns develop historically.Consequently, a vowel – typically a schwa – may be inserted to break up a two-consonant cluster.An example of this would be the word grow /grəʊ/ being realized as /gərəʊ/ where the schwa vowel /ə/ is inserted between the two consonants that form the initial /gr-/ cluster of the word. The effect of this insertion is to create a slight hiatus between the two consonants of the cluster, thereby easing the pressure on the vital rapidity of movement.Further examples of epenthesis include the following. Wiley Online Library requires cookies for authentication and use of other site features; therefore, cookies must be enabled to browse the site.In spreading, feature markedness plays an important role alongside sonority.We suggest universal markedness scales which combine with constraints on autosegmental configurations to model the patterns found in individual languages and at the same time to constrain the range of possible crosslinguistic variation.