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For example, red blood cells are specifically designed to carry oxygen through the blood. Eventually, the cells begin to differentiate, taking on a certain function in a part of the body. Stem cells are cells that haven’t differentiated yet.They have the ability to divide and make an indefinite number of copies of themselves.
Doctors have been performing stem cell transplants, also known as bone marrow transplants, for decades using hematopoietic stem cells in order to treat certain types of cancer.
Adult stem cells can’t differentiate into as many other types of cells as embryonic stem cells can.
Since stem cells have the ability to turn into various other types of cells, scientists believe that they can be useful for treating and understanding diseases.
According to the Mayo Clinic, stem cells can be used to: There are several types of stem cells that can be used for different purposes.
These cells can give rise to virtually any other type of cell in the body.
Adult stem cells have a misleading name, because they are also found in infants and children.
To create i PSCs, scientists genetically reprogram the adult stem cells so they behave like embryonic stem cells.
The breakthrough has created a way to “de-differentiate” the stem cells.
These stem cells come from developed organs and tissues in the body.
They’re used by the body to repair and replace damaged tissue in the same area in which they are found.