Fraud is reportedly one of the fastest growing crimes in Australia.
According to the Australian Institute of Criminology, the estimated cost of fraud to Australia is in excess of $5 billion a year, which represents almost a third of the total cost of crime in Australia ($19 billion).
In other words, it acknowledges mental states but identifies them with brain activity.
In contrast, the arguments made by the eliminative materialist are that cognitive scientists should eliminate the phenomena of beliefs, desires, dreams, etc.
One example criticism against identity theory is that mental events and brain activity are not identical since we know some things about the one, but not about the other.
For example, one can experience the recollection of memories and yet not know where memories are stored in the brain.
The key difference is that behaviorism denies mental states and focuses instead on only observable behavior.
Furthermore, whereas behaviorism is usually seen as a semantic theory about the meaning of terms, identity theory is a scientific claim about mental states and brain activities themselves.
Eliminative materialism can be objected to for several reasons.
It takes the position that folk psychology is a false theory and that corresponding notions such as belief, experience, and sensation are fundamentally mistaken.