The following sentence provides research significance – in other words, explains why the topic is useful as an environment for scholarly study.
Example #3 Appropriate health care services are often not available in many rural and remote areas, and this problem is expected to intensify in the near future, exacerbating existing rural health disparities that need to be addressed (Institute of Medicine, 2004).
The literature review (hereafter, “lit review,” the short phrase used by research writers everywhere) accomplishes many objectives at once.
First, the lit review informs the reader of the most important research needed to understand the research question.
Online programs for very young children are routinely accessible, and promises of enhanced learning from this potential new form of education abound.
For young children, this means early computer experiences that focus on preacademic skills, such as prereading activities, can be targeted.
However, it is very important for the writer to understand that “significance” does not mean an opinion about why the topic is important.
Rather, the significance comes from the research literature, too.
Example of student opening line -- note the courageous writer who manages to simply eliminate the first few sentences!
Provide Significance The second step to the introduction is to offer the first bit of persuasion to the reader: show the importance of the topic by offering something of practical or research significance.