Literature reviews can be stand-alone documents, or they can form part of a research proposal or project.A stand-alone literature review aims to summarise and evaluate the current knowledge of a specific topic, whereas a literature review that forms part of a research proposal or project also describes the gaps in the current knowledge that the project aims to address.A literature review has four main objectives: A literature review shows your readers that you have an in-depth grasp of your subject; and that you understand where your own research fits into and adds to an existing body of agreed knowledge.
The purpose of a literature review is to support the content and help the reader interpret points made in an essay and help build the methodology of the report.
An APA format literature review is a style often used by academic establishments across the US.
It is a defined structure in terms of margins, line spacings, font sizes and the headings in which should be used in the writing.
For example: Only a few epidemiologic investigations have assessed the intake of chocolate products as part of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) (Arts et al., 2002; di Giuseppe et al., 2008), whereas other studies have simply asked about chocolate intake as part of a lifestyle questionnaire (Lee & Paffenbarger, 1998; Paganini-Hill, Kawas, & Corrada, 2007).
Monash students can access Research and Learning drop-in sessions at the Library.