Literature Review On Child Abuse

Over a hundred thousand cases each year are reported to Child Welfare agencies in Canada.

Child maltreatment affects children in a number of ways, such as higher rates of psychiatric and psychological disorders.

Suicidal ideation has also been linked to sexual abuse.

In one study, it was shown that close to half of the sexually abused children reported depression and suicidal ideation.

Research shows that having a history of childhood sexual abuse is a risk factor for a broad range of psychiatric disorders and a higher rate of multiple Axis 1 disorders.

As well, there is a strong presence of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic stress symptoms in sexually abused children (Mc Leer l., 1998; Roosa, Reinholtz & Angelini, 1999; Zlotnick, 2001).

Abstract: Child maltreatment is a generic term referring to four primary acts: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect.

Child maltreatment occurs in our society at alarming rates.

This has been displayed in other studies as well (Mc Leer et al., 1998; Molnar, Berkman & Buka, 2001; Zlotnick ., 2001).

Many children who are sexually abused display maladaptive sexual behaviours.

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