Literature reviews also allow you to demonstrate your good preparation and perfect knowledge of the area.
A comprehensive review of the used literature is a great way to explain the importance of your own work.
The introduction serves a few different functions: it presents your topic, clarifies the context of the paper, attracts the attention of readers, and presents a thesis statement which will be explained and developed throughout the whole research. Explain what you’re going to focus on, and what questions you will answer.
The introduction also must grab attention and motivate your readers to keep reading.
If you have written your biological rationale, your reader should see your hypothesis in your introduction section and say to themselves, “Of course, this hypothesis seems very logical based on the rationale presented.”***Special note on avoiding social justifications: You should not overemphasize the relevance of your experiment and the possible connections to large-scale processes.
Be realistic and logical—do not overgeneralize or state grand implications that are not sensible given the structure of your experimental system.Not all science is easily applied to improving the human condition.Performing an investigation just for the sake of adding to our scientific knowledge (“pure or basic science”) is just as important as applied science.Explain how you came to this idea by referencing the used sources.This section provides guidelines on how to construct a solid introduction to a scientific paper including background information, study question, biological rationale, hypothesis, and general approach. This observation of the natural world may inspire you to investigate background literature or your observation could be based on previous research by others or your own pilot study.Remember to cite references, be concise, and only include relevant information given your audience and your experimental design.Concisely summarized background information leads to the identification of specific scientific knowledge gaps that still exist.In fact, basic science often provides the foundation for applied studies.: specific prediction(s) that you will test during your experiment.For manipulative experiments, the hypothesis should include the independent variable (what you manipulate), the dependent variable(s) (what you measure), the organism or system, the direction of your results, and comparison to be made.reared in warm water will have a greater sexual mating response.(The dependent variable “sexual response” has not been defined enough to be able to make this hypothesis testable or falsifiable.This advice is of key importance in case you’re developing a new theory which uses an existing terminology.In case your paper is devoted to social science or humanities, you have an opportunity to use some creative methods.