The current accepted version of the game of Field Hockey was developed by the British in the 19th century as a popular school game.
The London Hockey association was established in the 1921 and the rules were consolidated.
The objective of the game is to hit, dribble and push the ball around the field and attempt to shoot it past the goalkeeper into the goal.
The field players are not allowed to hold, kick or carry the ball.
The first hockey club in India was established in Calcutta in 1855.
The Bengal Hockey was the first hockey association in India and was founded in 1908.Post 1980, Indian Hockey team’s performance in the Olympics has deteriorated and they have been unable to bring any medals back home.Indian Men’s Hockey team was the winner of the Hockey World Cup in 1975 held in Kualalampur, Malaysia.Two on field umpires officiate the match and monitor the play closely for any misconduct or rule-breaking.Legacy The Indian Hockey Federation was established in 1925 and the Indian hockey took its first international trip to New Zealand where they played 21 matches, won 18, lost 1 and drew 2 among them.Each player has a hockey stick, 150-200 cm long slender shaft, ending in a flattened extension known as the blade.Maximum permitted weight of the hockey stick is 737 grams. The stick is flat on the playing side and is generally made of hickory or mulberry wood.Image Credit: It is probably one of the most ancient games played in today’s time.The simplistic sport of guiding a ball with the help of a stick has been around even 1200 years before the start of the ancient Games of Olympia in Greece.The game can either be played on a grass field or on the turf, a specially made mat-like material.India’s performance in Hockey at various international forums was phenomenal during 1920-1950’s period and that was probably why the sport became accepted as national sport in the country.