"Auletta, Pietro." Stanley Sadie, ed., Urbana-Champaign, IL: University of Illinois, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, 1994. Calvin Elliker, "The Collector and Reception History: The Case of Josiah Kirby Lilly," in , ed. (Urbana-Champaign, IL: University of Illinois, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, 1994), 191. "The Collector and Reception History: The Case of Josiah Kirby Lilly." In , edited by Stephen Mc Clatchie. Gift of the Wilhelmina Mc Intosh Book Fund of the Faculty of Music. Music Library, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Do not cite electronic indexes either - unless they provide full-text articles. [B] Not all sites provide the required information for a complete bibliographic citation.
If you are able to consult the print version of the article, then you can use the less-complicated citation format for ARTICLES (above). (2nd annual joint bulletin of Yé-Yé Publications and SARMA), 1992? Check the list given under Citing Electronic Documents and include as much information as is possible. Lawrie Raskin, (Photographer), , January 20, 1983 [Photograph on Internet], Glenn Gould Archive, National Library of Canada, available: Internet, accessed 2000, January 7.
[This is an expanded version of a document originating from Western's Don Wright Faculty of Music, now part of the Department of Music Research and Composition.] Note: The formatting is not optimal in this html document.
Consult the PDF version for greater accuracy of spacing, etc.
When writing a music history essay, avoid using abbreviations and symbols: In the days of typewriters, underlining was an instruction to the typesetter to set a particular passage in italics. Italicize all foreign words unless they are particularly familar in English usage: It is important to identify clearly the musical examples you choose to illustrate your essay. A footnote is like a sentence, with each major item (author, title, facts of publication) separated by a comma.
You should provide all the necessary details: composer, title, movement (if appropriate) and measure numbers: Ex. A bibliographic citation, which begins at the left margin, with all subsequent lines indented (known as a “hanging indent”), separates major elements with a period. "Metastasio's Poetry and Drama in France, 1750-1800." Ph D diss., University of Western Ontario, 1997. "Kurt Weill and opera for the people in Germany and America." MM thesis, University of Western Ontario, 1987. , Royal Opera Covent Garden, conducted by Bernard Haitink, directed by Derek Bailey and Peter Hall. Covent Garden Pioneer : Public Media Home Vision, SAL 090, ISBN 0-7800-1433-2, 1992, videocassette.
You should only underline the titles of full-length works if your essay is handwritten (as italics aren’t an option). Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions.
Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Before word processors came into common usage, it used to be the standard practice to underline book titles when typing.
While the preceding examples are all correct, some prefer the following citation format, which resembles the format for citing journal articles: 11. The manufacturer's name and label number are sufficient to identify a recording. Cite only those electronic sources which are full-text or which provide other useful information.
Robinson, "Auletta, Pietro," in Stanley Sadie, ed., New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (London: Macmillan, 1980), I: 698. César Cui to “Mon cher editeur” [Monsieur Heugel], November 16, 91, Gift of the Wilhelmina Mc Intosh Book Fund of the Faculty of Music, The Opera Collection, MZ590, Music Library, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Cui to “Mon cher editeur” [Monsieur Heugel], November 16, 91. You may choose to include the library's call number for an item, where applicable. Gustav Mahler, sung by Gundula Janowitz with the Wiener Symphoniker conducted by Wilfried Boettcher, Deutsche Grammophon 449 723-2., recorded 1966, reissued 1966. Indexing tools which provide citations only, such as the (print version), are not cited.