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Marxist critics try to judge the literary piece from ethical and political criteria, which basically are non-literary.Furthermore, they define the idea that literature should reflect its age and society as representing proletarian or the ideology of the author.
Sociology, for example, helps readers understand that the national character sways literature, stemming from a reciprocal relationship between religion, politics and law.
According to Swingewood, the novel can only develop in the countries putting a high value on women and paying greater attention to their personal lives.
It helps to start with forms, with meaningful, repeated patterns of behavior or style. Defamiliarization: A ritual analysis involves making the common seem uncommon, taking something from our culture's unquestioned stock of background knowledge and bringing it into the foreground, taking something we assume to be "given" or natural, and showing it to be socially constructed. First, you can imagine yourself as a Martian anthropologist, trying to make sense of the peculiar activities of the naked apes that call themselves Americans.
Second, you can try to reveal the underlying cultural codes by substituting characters and/or contexts in your mind.
Despite its inability to reveal the beauty of literature and the psychological tension of its fictional characters, sociology’s contribution is to make a better and complete understanding of literature.
Thanks to a sociological approach, we see that literature is a mirror of society — social structure, kin or class struggle.Some say sociology will replace literature due to its speedy development.It makes sense, since the sociology of literature runs slowly and appears a bit late compared to its counterparts such as the sociology of religion, education, politics and ideology.Sociology of literature attempts to relate fictional characters’ experience as well as the author’s shaped situation and historical setting as the basis of a literary piece.Sociology is instrumental in elucidating how each literary work is rooted in a certain social and geographical environment where it can perform specific functions and that there is no need for any judgment of value.A ritual analysis, moreover, does not simply name or list meanings ("the Superbowl was exciting") it them, it describes the processes and rules of meaning-making that the participants actively invoke.(Think of the difference between an eye twitch and a wink.) It is about symbolic codes and the ways that people actively make meanings with them.That is why certain literary pieces may grow in one place but not elsewhere.Some factors such as climate, landscape, race, customs and politics contribute to the quality and growth of particular literary works.Daiches critically questioned the relationship between sociological data and literary critics.To him, the thought that good literature must play a social function is fallacious and exaggerating.