Critical Thinking Framework

But when our mental models fail to match reality, we simply ignore reality and operate throughout the day on implicit assumptions. Our mental models allow us a simple way to cope with reality, yet we fail to confront reality when it is different than our mental model.Essentially, we have unknowingly created a ready-made default mechanism. We must first take time to reflect on our critical thinking skills.

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and then explore whether or not some other temperature might more economically achieve the goal of heating the room would be engaged in double-loop learning. Here we should seek to follow a concept introduced by Immanuel Kant as a way of evaluating motivations for actions – called the Categorical Imperative. We make deductions from laws to see what should happen and then experiment to see if our prediction was right. to test whether a burner is hot, we must touch the burner first using Inductive Reasoning; however, if we were to use Deductive Reasoning, we would first predict the burner to be hot and would realize there is not need to touch it.

Kant defines a categorical imperative as an absolute or an unconditional requirement that must be obeyed in all circumstances and is justified as an end in itself. One last benefit of Reasoning Backwards is that it forces our linear and logical mind to catch things we wouldn’t normally catch.

In an ant colony, this is where ants shoot pheromones to signal others when they have found food.

Here we are detecting events within our environment and identifying change (or lack thereof).

Critical thinking is about asking yourself how you make choices. Army, I will explain how I upgrade my critical thinking skills using Colonel John Boyd’s OODA Loop as a framework for critical thinking.

We can choose to believe something we hear or see; however, why do we choose to believe something we hear or see? I will then demonstrate practical ways to upgrade your critical thinking skills for a sharper mind using tools and techniques from the “Critical thinking is observing the world with an open and skeptical mindset with the goal of exploring all alternatives objectively (as much as possible).

For example, “Act only according to the maxim whereby you can, at the same time, will that it should become a universal law.” For more information, visit the Categorical Imperative. For example, read the following sentence: Now read the sentence again, this time read it backwards. The UFMCS uses this as the single most important idea to enable critical thinking.

Imagine you can physically remove yourself from your body and objectively view how you make decisions. This is essentially solving problems by working backwards. For example, prior to taking on an issue, we should first think independently and reflectively, then write down our thoughts (which assists us in shaping and refining them), then share them in a disciplined manner. Boyd described a thought experiment in a presentation called .

hence, double-loop.“A thermostat that automatically turns on the heat whenever the temperature in a room drops below 68 degree is a good example of single-loop learning. Moreover, Reasoning Backwards can be viewed through the lens of deduction.

A thermostat that could ask why am I set to 68 degree? I prefer deduction over induction and here is why: An example of Inductive Reasoning is: .

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