These tools serve citizens who demand probity in government services and help identify those sectors most vulnerable to corruption.
Tools are also needed to combat corruption on the local level.
The importance of engaging youth in anti-corruption cannot be overestimated.
It can help change attitudes and mores and build zero-tolerance for corruption where the problem is seen as an acceptable fact of life.
And transparency is essential to maintaining public trust in the government and public service.
The real challenges in the struggle against corruption reach into all sectors of society and include efforts to restrict illegal money flows, state capture, the ever-larger funding sources feeding corruption and the need to dampen ingrained fears of corrupt officials.
Ladies and gentlemen It is a great pleasure for me to be here at this important meeting organised by Participation Ciudadana, particularly because the subject we are addressing at this conference has shown itself to be of the utmost importance in the last few months, and that is also very relevant to this country: the role of civil society in fighting corruption.
The events of 2011 have provided yet another reminder of the destructive effects of corruption, both politically and economically. But this demonstrated the very real threat faced by governments who do not stop corruption.
It steals vital resources from our schools and hospitals as corrupt individuals and companies evade the taxes they owe.
It can even undermine our security, as Sarah Chayes argues in her essay, if the perceived corruption of local governments makes people more susceptible to the poisonous ideology of extremists.