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Internet applications which combine interaction with another computer as well as another person or people both derived from role playing games (RPGs), which are activities where participants become part of a story where they work together and/or work against each other.RPGs were originally played on paper with pencils and dice but since the 1990s nearly all RPGs have been computer-based, with the computer acting as a player and/or referee.as well as the technological limitations of computers from the 1960’s to the early 1980’s.
Software used in a CALL environment can be designed specifically for foreign/second language learning or adapted for this purpose.
Most language textbook publishers offer educational software of some sort, whether it is meant to support a paper textbook or to stand alone for self-study.
Participation in an RPG mimics many real-world communicative situations, such as buying and selling as well as a few not-so-real ones such as casting spells.
While most RPG’s online nowadays simulate the video game experience, RPG’s first went online in the forms of MUDs (Muli-user Dungeons) and MOOs (Multi-user Dungeon, Object-oriented).
Many of these websites are based on the drill-exercise format but some also include games such as Hangman.
;m: SLm;l, Computer-mediated communication (CMC) has been around in one form or another since the 1960’s but only became widely available to the general public since the early 1990’s.Generally, these are task-based activities where the stated goal is something other than language learning; however, using the target language is essential for getting the task done.For example, with Facemaker, students create different faces by using words in the language to command the computer.General authoring programs like Macromedia Director can be used to make an entire course; however, most teachers do not have the time or the technical ability to make use of such programs.Internet activities vary considerably, from online versions of software (where the learner interacts with a networked computer), to computer-mediated communication (where the learner interacts with other people via the computer), to applications that combine these two elements.With these kinds of programs, the material to be learned may already be programmed in by the publisher, which is more common, or may allow the instructor to program in the material to be learned.Programs not designed specifically for language learning can be adapted for this purpose.Learners can communicate one-on-one or one to many as well as share audio and video files.Because of all this, CMC has had the most impact on language teaching.Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) is an approach to language teaching and learning in which computer technology is used as an aid to the presentation, reinforcement and assessment of material to be learned, usually including a substantial interactive element.Computer-assisted language Learning (CALL) is an approach to teaching and learning in which the computer and computer-based resources such as the Internet are used to present, reinforce and assess material to be learned.