Capitalism Vs Socialism Essay

It was an ideology that seemed to guarantee workers an end to hardships and a chance at political and social equality.

It was for this reason that workers supported this ideology, that the tsarist regime was overthrown and that the course of Russia's history was changed for ever.

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Abdicate: Step down from the governing position; give up one's crown.

Serf: A medieval farm worker who belonged to his landlord and could not leave the land he worked on.

The majority of the Russian population were peasants who were uneducated, poor and powerless to change their conditions.These were farmers or peasants who worked the land of the nobility and were the legal property of the landowner for whom they worked.They had no rights and were forbidden to leave their landlords, who could order them to do whatever he chose.Before the Revolution, Russia was a large empire under an absolute monarch, the Tsar. Russian society was divided loosely into four groups.These were the ruling class (nobility), the upper class (clergy), the commercial or middle class, and the masses (workers and peasants).The new Provisional Government proved unable to stabilise the country.Vladimir Ilych Lenin led the November 1917 revolution that replaced the Provisional Government with the communist Bolshevik Party.Free enterprise: The freedom for private businesses to operate for a profit without interference from the government. The start of Communism in Russian can be attributed to the harsh inequalities of 19th century life.Communism developed from the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, and became popular amongst the workers of Russia due to the many difficulties experienced through tsarist rule.The state and the higher, privileged classes exploited them harshly.A large portion of the peasantry was made up of serfs.


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